72 years ago, in September, 1940, the Communist Party in Bac Son District launched a revolt to gain authority from the French, attack the French stations and armed units and establish the Vietnamese armed force while the French government collapsed after the Japanese invasion in Indochina.
At 8.00 pm on September 27th 1940, more than 600 Vietnamese insurgents, including many ethnic groups, such as: Tay, Dao, Nung, Kinh, attacked Mo Nhai station (a town of Bac Son), starting the Bac Son revolt. After invading the town, leaders of the revolt stated that the old authority (of the French) would be removed. In two days, the 28th and 29th of September 1940, the insurgents kept attacking the French on Canh Tiem and Sap Di Pass.
Comrade Tran Dang Ninh (1910 – 1955), Commissioner of Tonkin, one of leaders of Bac Son revolt in 1940 (chú thích ảnh)
In that circumstance, the French soldiers arrived at a compromise with the Japanese soldiers for the suppression applied to the revolt of the Vietnamese people. The French had soldiers invade some stations and suppress the revolt violently. After the revolt had begun, the Tonkin Committee appointed Mr. Tran Dang Ninh to be a leader of the revolt who would direct the revolt to an aim that building Vietnamese force for a long fighting. At the middle of October 1940, the Steering Committee of Bac Son Base was established and on October 13th 1940, a meeting of the Steering Committee, was held in Tan Huong forest, went through a decision on establishment of the first Bac Son guerrilla unit. On October 28th 1940, the Vietnamese masses were attacked and suppressed by the French while they was holding a meeting in Vu Lang and preparing to gain Mo Nhai station.
Although the Bac Son revolt failed, it remained many valuable experiences for the Vietnamese revolution, such as: armed uprising, building authority and it also helped to build the revolution basis along with the first armed force which then became the Vietnam National Salvation Army.
Chu Văn Lộc – Hoàng Ngọc Chính
Mai An (translated)